The treaty negotiations process provides a framework for the three parties: Canada, BC and First Nations – to work towards the common goal of reconciliation, and building a new relationship, through constitutionally entrenched government-to-government-to-government understandings. Some of the major components integral to modern treaty making in British Columbia are:
First Nations have for thousands of years sustained vibrant and rich cultural identities profoundly linked to BC’s land and waters.
Land has spiritual, economic and political significance for First Nations peoples. First Nations traditional territory—land occupied and used historically—is integral to their identity.
Treaties will bring certainty to land ownership and jurisdiction, funding and new investment. Through treaties, First Nations will be able to provide services appropriate to the unique culture.
A First Nation files with the Treaty Commission a statement of intent (SOI) to negotiate a treaty with Canada and BC.
The Treaty Commission must convene an initial meeting of the three parties within 45 days of accepting a statement of intent.
The framework agreement is, in effect, the “table of contents” of a comprehensive treaty.
This is where substantive treaty negotiations begin. The parties examine in detail the elements outlined in their framework agreement.
The treaty formalizes the new relationship among the parties and embodies the agreements reached in the agreement in principle.
Long-term implementation plans need to be tailored to specific agreements. The plans to implement the treaty are put into effect or phased in as agreed.
Legal and Negotiations Advisor
Meeting/Event Logistics Support